Location Singapore Singapore is a small tropical island of 646 sq km (252 sq miles) located in Southeast Asia, neighbouring Malaysia and Indonesia. Climate Singapore Average temperature - between 77 and 88 °F (25 and 31°C) . Temperatures are almost the same day and night Average annual rainfall - about 103 inches (2600 mm) rainfall a year with more rainfall from November to January. Tropical climate all year round with 70 % or higher humidity year round Northeast monsoon season: December through March Southeast monsoon season: June to September Population Singapore Harmony in Race: The population is approximate 5.3 million, made up of four major races with the Chinese representing the largest group. Chinese 77.3% Malays 14.1 % Indians 7.3 % Others 1.4% Culture & Religion Singapore Singapore represents Asia in a nutshell and is a plural society comprising multi-lingual, multi-ethnic and multi-religious people. Each group has retained its own special individuality and uniqueness and diverse forms of social etiquette. The country is a showcase of racial and religious harmony, with Buddhists, Muslims, Hindus and Christians living and working side-by-side while respecting their many differences. Over the year you can take part in many Chinese, Hindu and Muslims festivals based on their lunar calendars. Singapore's national ideology is based on the following pledge: "We the citizens of Singapore Pledge ourselves as one united people Regardless of race, language or religion To build a democratic society Based on justice and equality So as to achieve happiness, prosperity and Progress for our nation." Languages in Singapore National language Malay Mostly spoken Chinese (Mandarin) and English Business language English Other languages Tamil History of Singapore Although first mentioned in the 14th century, the rest of the world only Singapore when in 1819 Sir Stamford Raffles established a trading base on behalf of the East India Company on the island. In World War II, it was occupied for three years by the Japanese and became a Crown Colony of Britain in 1946 and in 1963 a member of the Federation of Malaysia. Since 1965 Singapore is separated from Malaysia and became a republic. Living Expenses in Singapore Singapore has a very high standard of living for expatriates and the city has one of the best living conditions in Southeast Asia. Imported goods are rather expensive but it is possible to economize by buying local products. Many expatriates enjoy a Housing Allowance and are housed on the expense of their employers, thus eliminating substantial costs of renting homes in Singapore. The private rental market almost exclusively concentrates on expatriates, as locals enjoy the provision of low cost public housing. According to the latest survey by Economist Intelligence Unit , Singapore is one of the most expensive cities in the world, moving up five positions to 10th place. This means Singapore is now Asia’s third most expensive city to live in. For many years running, Singapore has topped a list of cities around the world offering Asian expatriates the best quality of life. An annual survey by human resources consultancy ECA International found that Asian expatriates ranked Singapore as the most favourable city to live in because of the quality of its infrastructure and health facilities - low health risks, air pollution and crime rates added to its appeal. The survey compares country facts and living standards in 254 international locations.